Learning anger management
Just like adults, children get angry. But due to their inexperience, they don’t have the experience or self-control to know how to deal with it. By our actions, we help our little ones learn how to deal with frustrations. If they live in a household where shouting and hitting are acceptable they will copy this behaviour from the adults around them.
The important message we need to give to our children is: It is OK to be angry, but not to hurt people or property
12 ways to teach children acceptable ways of expressing anger
- Set an example. By modelling what we want them to do –such as taking time out when we are angry, asking assertively for what we want and by finding an appropriate outlet for our physical energy
- Use a comforter. Find an object that helps your child calm down. Some children will be comforted by a blanket, special soft toy, or soft cushion.
- Find a safe way to express anger. Create an area or corner where your child can go when they feel angry. Have materials to draw an angry picture, rip up newspaper, bubble wrap to stamp on, a punch ball or pillow to punch, or a mini-trampoline to jump on. Although some of these are not ‘adult’ ways of behaving, it can help if a child can make small steps towards dealing with their anger until they are mature enough to try different strategies.
- Expel energy. Ways of getting rid of pent-up angry energy can be running up and down the garden ten times or running up and down the stairs twenty times. A drum kit in the garage can also be very therapeutic!
- Create some space. Taking time out – both for adults and children can be a useful strategy.
- Holding tight. Some parents find holding their child firmly helps the child feel safe when they are angry. But do this with caution – an angry child can be quite violent, and some children may feel that physical restraint is a punishment and kick against you.
- Distraction. Older children may find that retreating to a quiet room helped. Maybe reading a book to take their mind off the situation.
- Music and dancing. Listening to high-energy music may be useful. My youngest daughter used to dance vigorously to Billy Elliott’s ‘Angry Dance’.
- Pet therapy. Playing with a pet, especially a dog, can help as children feel their pets are accepting. But don’t suggest this strategy if your child may hurt their pet.
- Write a letter. Older children may find writing a letter is useful, although it may be best not to send it if it was written in the heat of the moment. Ceremonially ripping the letter into tiny pieces can be quite satisfying.
- Help them explain assertively. Teach them to explain how they feel assertively. Get them to fill in the blanks in the sentence ‘I feel….when…. because….and I want…..’
- Ask what helps. You can also ask your child what they find helps when they feel angry – If you give them time to think they may be able to suggest some great strategies of their own that work for them.
Finally, do problem-solving
And finally, when they are angry about a situation teach children to problem-solve. Sit down and get them to write down a whole load of potential solutions to their problem. Add solutions of your own at the end and get them to choose which solution they want to try.
Hope this helps